african inspired

Diverse Landscapes Are More Productive and Adapt better to Climate Change

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Ecosystems with high biodiversity are more productive and stable towards annual fluctuations in environmental conditions than those with a low diversity of species. They also adapt better to climate-driven environmental changes. These are the key findings environmental scientists at the University of Zurich made in a study of about 450 landscapes harbouring 2,200 plants and animal species.The dramatic, worldwide loss of biodiversity is one of today's greatest environmental problems. The loss of species diversity affects important ecosystems on...Powered by WPeMatico

First Detailed Decoding of Complex Finger Millet Genome

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Finger millet has two important properties: The grain is rich in important minerals and resistant towards drought and heat. Thanks to a novel combination of state-of-the-art technologies, researchers at the University of Zurich were able to decode the large and extremely complex genome of finger millet in high quality for the first time. This represents a fundamental basis for improving food security in countries like India and parts of Africa.For many poor farmers in India and Africa, finger millet is a major staple food. The crop species is not only a rich source of minerals like calcium, iron,...Powered by WPeMatico

Organic photodiodes – more economical detectors for the NIR region

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The Fraunhofer Institute for Organic Electronics, Electron Beam and Plasma Technology FEP will be introducing a new generation of organic photodiodes on silicon substrates (OPD-on-silicon) during the SEMI European Imaging & Sensors Summit 2017, September 20-22 in Grenoble, France, at MINATEC, Booth 42.Optical sensors are pervasive. Domestic life as well as the industrial environment are hard to imagine without them. For example, digital cameras using CMOS...Powered by WPeMatico

How receptors for medicines work inside cells

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G protein-coupled receptors are the key target of a large number of drugs. Würzburg scientists have now been able to show more precisely how these receptors act in the cell interior.The human genome encodes hundreds of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). These form the largest group of receptors through which hormones and...Powered by WPeMatico

Experts call for added focus on the impact of glacier mass loss on downstream systems

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Researchers have warned of an 'urgent worldwide need' to address a broad spectrum of cascading impacts of glacier mass loss on downstream systems.In their paper, published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the authors synthesised currently available evidence and documented the profound...Powered by WPeMatico

Algorithm unlocks smartwatches that learn your every move

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Scientists at the University of Sussex have invented a new algorithm that enables smartwatches to detect and record your every move, without being told beforehand what to look for.Current smartwatches can recognise a limited number of particular activities, including yoga and running, but these are programmed in advance.Powered by WPeMatico

Researchers find microbes key to reef survival

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In a paper published in the September 2017 issue of the journal Nature Climate Change, a consortium of marine biology researchers outline the mechanisms that might underlie adaptation to climate change in reef corals. Predicting the ability of coral reefs to survive changes in climate requires understanding coral animals--the foundation species of these ecosystems--and how parental provisioning, genetic and epigenetic mechanisms, and changes in the microbiome contribute to their adaptive response.The marine biology researchers, from 11 institutions in five different countries, gathered at a recent workshop to assess the fate of coral reefs in the face...Powered by WPeMatico

Letting programmes manage their own processing resources

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Computers require an increasing amount of processing power to ensure that demanding programs run smoothly. Current technology will not be able to keep up for long, and a new concept is needed in the long term: Together with their partners in the SFB/Transregio 89 collaborative project “Invasive Computing”, computer scientists at Friederich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) are currently developing a method to distribute processing power to programmes based on their needs which will enable computers to cope with future processing requirements.Everyone will be familiar with playing a video on their computer that keeps pausing every few seconds and just won’t buffer properly. These stops and starts...Powered by WPeMatico